History of the Butterfly, Part 37: Henry’s List

In the April, 1870 edition of American Entomologist and Botanist, Henry W. Parker published a list of butterflies found in Iowa.  It included a list of butterflies previously reported by Mr. Samuel Scudder as having been found in Iowa, and thirteen species not previously reported from Iowa.  With Scudder’s list he only included the species part of the name. 

Scientific names have changed over time.  I have included the common and current scientific names that I think the old name represents.

Here is Henry’s list of butterflies that were new to the Iowa list:

Henry was a professor of Natural History at Iowa (later Grinnell) College at the time, and was constructing a Natural History Museum that was described as the largest west of the Mississippi at one time.  His wife Helen helped him with his collections, and he probably had help from students as well.  Because of Helen’s aptitude for invertebrate studies, I think she played a major role in collecting and displaying the butterflies.

Any suggestions on what the species I have not identified were?  Any corrections to my tables?


About the roused bear

Nature photographer from central Iowa.
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7 Responses to History of the Butterfly, Part 37: Henry’s List

  1. Timothy Orwig says:

    “Huntera” is likely American Painted Lady (Vanessa virginiensis). It was also known as Hunter’s Butterfly in old guides. Put “Hunter’s Butterfly” –in quotes–in Google and check out some of the links, especially the Boy’s Life article.

  2. Timothy Orwig says:

    “Tityius” is tougher. Tityus, the Greek giant, gave his name to a sphinx moth and a beetle, according to Google Books. Given the misspelling, could it be a substitution error for Harkenclenus titus, the Coral Hairstreak?

  3. Aaron Brees says:

    “Ahaton” seems to be Tawny-edged Skipper. Here is a reference that shows Hesperia ahaton as a synonym: http://tinyurl.com/279yl58

    “Thecla Strigosa” is Striped Hairstreak (Satyrium liparops). See various sources here: http://tinyurl.com/2vh5k28

    “Tityius” might be Silver-spotted Skipper which used to be Epargyreus tityrus.

    “Boisduralli” might be Eyed Brown. See here: http://tinyurl.com/374gtl5 and here referencing Scudder: http://tinyurl.com/3aa4ybe

    There are number of old sources that show you are right about “portlandia” as well.

    • I looked at the list again–I don’t have a perfectly scanned copy. It could easily be tityrus, although the “r” looks more like an “i” in my copy. The dot does not show, though, so it could be a partly obscurred “r”.

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