History of the Butterfly, Part 50: Fast Forward 20 Years.

Our story picks up slightly more than 20 years later.  By this time, Dubuque had died and the mines had been shut down.  The War of 1812 had involved a number of Sauk and Meskwaki individuals–some fighting on the British side although most remained neutral.   Conflicts had arisen between the Sioux and the Sauk and Meskwaki (Fox) and a truce had been declared.

A lot of stuff has been skipped over to get to this part–hopefully we can fill it in later.

You may remember that Morgan is the chief of the villiage that Poweshiek grew up in, and that the villiage is sometimes known by the name of its chief.  Poweshiek at this time has no real political power, and holds no office.

This quote is from Hagan, 1958:

“To protest the treaty of 1804, Morgan led a party of Foxes to St. Louis early in the summer of 1828.  In an interview with Clark the Indians pleaded ignorance of the reason for the Fox annuities.  The Superintendent explained their treaties to them then demonstrated his skill with the red men by extracting a promise from Morgan that in the near future the tribe would sell Dubuque’s mines.  When Morgan returned to his village and informed the other chiefs of his action, they, as he might have expected, would not even consider the idea of a sale.  The headstrong Morgan indignantly responded that he was the one who fought to keep those lands in the past but now the other chiefs would have to fight.  With that he led a war party from the village and deliberately invited war by killing one Sioux woman and taking prisoner another woman and a child.  Fellow tribesmen of Morgan’s victims pursued the Foxes to the Mississippi.  The outraged warriors lost the trail of the Foxes but happened on a Sac encampment and killed a chief and his wife and stole a number of horses.  Although General Joseph Street, an officer in the Illinois militia who had replaced the deceased Boilvin as agent at Prairie du Chien, obtained the release of the Sioux prisoners, the uneasy truce was over.”

Portrait from Wikimedia.

The Clark in this case was William Clark, the Superintendant of Indian Affairs.  This is the William Clark of Lewis and Clark fame.

Cause and effect?


About the roused bear

Nature photographer from central Iowa.
This entry was posted in American Indians, Fox tribe, Meskwaki, Powasheek, Poweshiek, The History of the Butterfly and tagged , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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