Category Archives: Keokuk

Thinking Outside of the Box (Way Outside of the Box)

I just received a copy of The Saukie Indians and Their Great Chiefs Black Hawk and Keokuk.  My copy is one of those print-on-demand books–the original was published in 1926, and was written by Amer Mills Stocking.  This is a … Continue reading

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The History of the Butterfly, Part 138: Poweshiek was a Money Chief

The Sauk and Meskwaki, prior to the years of Indian Removal, had a fairly structured society. Political events were handled in a council, and a small number of individuals held significant positions within the council. A number of these people … Continue reading

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The History of the Butterfly, Part 134: The Founding of Agency City

The treaty signed by Poweshiek, Keokuk, and a number of the other chiefs of the Sacs and Foxes required the groups of Meskwaki living near what became Iowa City to relocate within a year.  It gave Keokuk’s group of Sac … Continue reading

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The History of the Butterfly, Part 129: Keokuk and the 300 Dollar Horse

The Sauk and Fox Indians toured the east—first, they had negotiations in Washington.  Then they were treated like rock stars in Boston.  The rest of the trip was not so noteworthy, but there was an interesting conversation recorded when they … Continue reading

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The History of the Butterfly, part 128: The Indians go to New York

A number of the Indians whose names became places in Iowa were treated like rock stars when they visited Boston on October 30, 1837.  The local population greeted them warmly.  Both sides exhibited what seems to have been genuine affection … Continue reading

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The History of the Butterfly, Part 126: More from Boston

This etching of Faneuil Hall in Boston is identified as being from the 1830’s by Wikimedia commons because of additions made to the structure, in spite of the date written on the etching. More from the November 11, 1837 Niles … Continue reading

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The History of the Butterfly Part 125: The Indians in Boston

The November 11, 1837 edition of Nile’s National Register  contains an account of the group of Sac and Fox Indians in Boston.  I have quoted part of this account previously. More to follow…

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The History of the Butterfly, Part 123: The Rivals Dance

Even while Indian Removal was in full force, the group of Indians that we are following—the “Confederated Sac and Fox” seemed more interested in their warfare and competition with the Sioux than they were with the policy of the U. … Continue reading

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History of the Butterfly, Part 113: More Poweshiek Treaties

Sometimes I get ahead of myself and don’t always see the details I should.  That is true when I study nature, and it is true as well when I study history. I have discovered a couple more treaties that Poweshiek … Continue reading

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The History of the Butterfly, Part 112: The Black Hawk “Purchase”

After the Black Hawk War, General Winfield Scott negotiated the Black Hawk Purchase.  At least that is the name a lot of history books gave it.  The Indians relinquished land and received money.  It could have been called something else, … Continue reading

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