Tag Archives: Iowa History

The History of the Butterfly, Part 78: Keokuk

There is a city in the extreme southeast part of Iowa named for Keokuk.  There is also a Keokuk county, located in the south east quarter of the state.  I would guess that most Iowans know there was a Chief … Continue reading

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The History of the Butterfly, Part 77: Keokuck

To quote from Marston in Morse, 1822: “The males of each nation of the Sauks and Foxes, are separated into two grand divisions, called Kish-co-quah and Osh-kosh:  to each there is a head, called War chief.  As soon as the … Continue reading

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History of the Butterfly, Part 71: The Treaty of Ghent

Black Hawk and his British allies won the significant battles over the territory along the Mississippi River.  Then in December of 1814, the British and Americans signed the Treaty of Ghent.  The treaty granted the nations and tribes all of … Continue reading

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History of the Butterfly, Part 70: Credit Island

In September of 1814 another battle occurred on a different island in the Mississippi, Credit Island.  Major Zachary Taylor was sent up the river with a force of 430 troops and eight boats, with orders to destroy Saukenuk and the … Continue reading

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History of the Butterfly, Part 69: The Battle

 Here is a description of the actual battle of Campbell’s Island.  The source is Meese, 1904 (see the references page). Campbell’s Island is just a few miles upstream from Rock Island, the home of Saukenuk. The map is from a … Continue reading

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History of the Butterfly, Part 54: Mahaska Speaks

If you have been following this story you may remember Mahaska (the elder). Mahaska seems to have had only a minor role at the conference, but his words are interesting. Man-hoo-skaw (White Cloud), Ioway—My Father!  My heart is glad and … Continue reading

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History of the Butterfly, Part 53: The Treaty Negotiations

In July of 1830 a council was held in order to negotiate a peace treaty between the United States and a number of the warring tribes.  As with a number of these councils, the representatives of the United States took … Continue reading

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History of the Butterfly, Part 52: The Threats Continue

Poweshiek came to power, in part, because many of the leaders of his tribe were massacred by a Sioux war party.  The Sioux were at war with the Meskwakie (a.k.a, Fox).  The two tribes had a long history of aggression … Continue reading

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History of the Butterfly, Part 51: How Poweshiek Became a Chief

Poweshiek became a civil chief of the Meskwakie by default, in a way.  He was of the wrong clan to inherit the position.  He was recommended for the position by his sister after most of the council died.  He became … Continue reading

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History of the Butterfly, Part 43: General Winfield Scott

Winfield Scott was a success!  By golly, was he a success!  His memoirs (two volumes) were written by “Himself.” Scott referred to Himself in the third person:  “Scott preceded the detachments…” etc.  Winfield Scott is a part of the history of the butterfly, … Continue reading

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