Tag Archives: Keokuk

Thinking Outside of the Box (Way Outside of the Box)

I just received a copy of The Saukie Indians and Their Great Chiefs Black Hawk and Keokuk.  My copy is one of those print-on-demand books–the original was published in 1926, and was written by Amer Mills Stocking.  This is a … Continue reading

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The History of the Butterfly, Part 138: Poweshiek was a Money Chief

The Sauk and Meskwaki, prior to the years of Indian Removal, had a fairly structured society. Political events were handled in a council, and a small number of individuals held significant positions within the council. A number of these people … Continue reading

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The History of the Butterfly, Part 129: Keokuk and the 300 Dollar Horse

The Sauk and Fox Indians toured the east—first, they had negotiations in Washington.  Then they were treated like rock stars in Boston.  The rest of the trip was not so noteworthy, but there was an interesting conversation recorded when they … Continue reading

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The History of the Butterfly, Part 126: More from Boston

This etching of Faneuil Hall in Boston is identified as being from the 1830’s by Wikimedia commons because of additions made to the structure, in spite of the date written on the etching. More from the November 11, 1837 Niles … Continue reading

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The History of the Butterfly, Part 123: The Rivals Dance

Even while Indian Removal was in full force, the group of Indians that we are following—the “Confederated Sac and Fox” seemed more interested in their warfare and competition with the Sioux than they were with the policy of the U. … Continue reading

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The History of the Butterfly, Part 112: The Black Hawk “Purchase”

After the Black Hawk War, General Winfield Scott negotiated the Black Hawk Purchase.  At least that is the name a lot of history books gave it.  The Indians relinquished land and received money.  It could have been called something else, … Continue reading

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History of the Butterfly, part 111: Poweshiek the Comedian

Perry Armstrong (Armstrong, 1887) tells a story about Poweshiek, which would have happened shortly after the Black Hawk War. “Powesheik and Keokuk accompanied Black Hawk, Neopope, Winnesheik, Pashepaho and the other Sauk captives to Washington City in 1833.  Whenever and wherever … Continue reading

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The History of the Butterfly, Part 110: Pow-E-Shiek

No comprehensive history of Chief Poweshiek exists.  There are a number of historical writings that mention him, however. You may remember that Poweshiek became a chief by default, when a number of the Meskawki leaders were massacred by Sioux warriors … Continue reading

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History of the Butterfly, Part 99: The Survivors and Keokuk

Black Hawk knew he was defeated and attempted to negotiate a surrender on May 13, 1832, in the event that later became known as “The Battle of Stillman’s Run.”  After that event came a series of skirmishes and battles as … Continue reading

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History of the Butterfly, Part 91: Understanding Keokuk

Keokuk and Black Hawk were rivals.  Much of the literature we have about them mentions that fact.  Keokuk was also egotistical, vain, and a natural orator.  He was known to have defrauded the Meskwaki chiefs Poweshiek and Wapello a few … Continue reading

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